• Bronze Age: Hénon, place of production? 0

Bronze Age: Hénon, place of production?

Human occupation in protohistoric times is attested throughout the region on which overlooks Mount Bel-Air, a place of worship Celtic also having many of occupation and activity remains. The site of Bel-Air, 339 meters, is the highest point of the moors Led and one of the highest in Britain. As its name suggests, and its location suggests, the place is before the Roman conquest of worship Belenos,Celtic god associated with fire, the sun. The current provision of places eerily. The top of the mountain is crowned with a double slope where eight radiating circular paths, forming a plan that exactly matches the symbolic representation of the solar star depart. At its surroundings, a sedentary population attested since the Neolithic culture and practice farming until the advent of metal production to furnish a new activity.Bronze metallurgy, conditioned by metals which constitute (copper and tin-lead +) appears in very localized places where these metals are available. Copper is imported, but the tin is sufficient in the Armorican basement quantity, and in particular Hénon, where many elements discovered bronze in the territory of this county.

The importance of human settlement there appears with infrastructure, furnitureand various vestiges updated since two centuries. The furniture is difficult to estimate: the objects that we know about are only not representative of all the furniture used at the time, the acidity of our soils making it almost impossible to preservation of organic materials. Is known for this region as metal objects, which can be integrated into the chronological framework distinguishing times by causing the metalwith the determination of "Ages" said Copper, Bronze and Iron. Weapons can be listed, such as spearheads and swords Bronze Final discovered in 1814 "near La Braize" in Hénon. Unnecessary items, broken or worn, could be assembled for re-melted, forming deposits depth. Deposits dating from the Middle Bronze is composed of weapons, tools, axes Shoe, 13 razors, spear tips, hammers, pendantsswords and slots, whole or fragmented linked by a bronze wire objects it was discovered in 1886 in "Sauvageons" in Henon. Another, discovered in 1967 in "Stone Bridge" in Bréhand gathered fragments of swords "pistilliformes" folded, rings, and various pieces of metal. The type of the best known and most easily identifiable as furniture, consists of the "axes" in bronze, whether heel or socket, ingotshachiformes of bronze probably have resulted in a barter, where the evocation of a phenomenon paléomonétaire. Their production is characterized over time, further typology and dimensions by a decreasing metal content (axes "socket": they become hollow), while the lead content is gradually increased to the detriment of the quality of the alloy , to saturation (90% of the composition) and their manufacture is extended beyond the AgeBronze Final, recent studies have shown that they could be contemporary with the early Iron Age. They are usually discovered in large quantities in a circular pit retaining the imprint of their original container. It identifies a deposit of 46 socketed axes contained in a pot discovered at a depth of 1846 meters near the windmill "The Mie-Way" in Bréhand another 52 axes sockets placed in a circular cavitythe tip to the center, discovered in 1928 in "La Touche-Nicolas" in Hénon, a cash deposit sixty axes socket type "Dahouët" discovered in 1852 near the "Tertre The Pie" in Plémy ​​and some discoveries in the nineteenth century under the stone units constituting the "fountain of fonts" in "La Ville-Bouvier" in Plémy.

is best known deposit more than 600 socketed axes dating from the Bronze Age (seventh to fifth century BC. JC)discovered in 1977 in "La Touche-Rouault" in Hénon. Sporadic discoveries of isolated units were reported, such as this bronze ax socket square discovery "in the vicinity" of Moncontour in 1874 or the "Gallic coin pewter, found near the wall in 1867," are not sufficient to thereby to establish the existence of an activity or occupation of the site at that time. Representative of an evolution of the design of the Deathand therefore indicative of a profound transformation of cultures and technologies undoubtedly, is a funerary urn from a celtic cemetery second Iron Age (c. 400 BC.) discovery in 1970 "Holly" in Plémy: it contained the ashes and bones of the deceased, and a "anklet" in bronze. Paul Chatellier the collection included a "bronze dagger" from Moncontour which the blade, provided with a central ribwas attached to the handle by means of rivets, but the existence of this single object, the circumstances and exact location of its discovery we are not known, not enough about him to attest to the human occupation of the site during this period.

Author: Bertrand L 'Hotellier 04-10-2002

VilleHénon