• Healers Saints Trédaniel. 0
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Healers Saints Trédaniel.

Saints Trédaniel healers are represented by statues of polychrome wood, variable dimensions (0.70 m to 1.20 m in height). Long denigrated in comparison to the academic sculptor, considered "very little remarkable from the point of view of art" by B. Jollivet 1860, the coarseness of their execution proceeds from their vernacular character which is now their interest. If they are now known as the "seven saints healersNotre-Dame-du-Haut, "we will see that this name is very inaccurate. To do this, try to determine their origins.

This is because of the lack of records about them, but also the lack of interest that has long been brought to them, their origin is not known, though it is known that some of the leper from La Madeleine where their role as healer is consistent with the function of the institution, the date of their transfer to Notre-Dame du Haut, theirinitial number and exact identification remain to be clarified.
While it is likely that they have been displaced from La Magdeleine Notre-Dame du Haut during or shortly after the Revolution (due to the abandonment of the chapel of La Magdeleine), it is still curious that in 1840 the abbot Duhamel can not longer specify "what time dates the cult of the saints in Notre-Dame-du-Haut, it seems as old as the chapel itself." The presence ofsome statues is nevertheless attested to Notre Dame du Haut in the early 18th century, those of St. Hourniaule and St. Livertin.

How can we explain the different information, even contradictory, authors from the 19th century? Why Father Duhamel he evokes in 1840 the "shapeless statues" saints Clair, Meen, Mamers, Hervé (or Houarniault) Ujane (or Eugénie) Yvertin and Lubin, without naming St. Hubert? For what reason St. Clair, yet "healer "too, he disappears from the" pantheon "in the second half of the nineteenth century, and what happened to the statue? Disinterest suffice to explain the trédanielais Charles Berthelot Chesnay not reported in 1896 that "four statues of saints healers"?

Thus, despite the lack of interest by the "scholars", local people devote the early nineteenth century a cult of the saints thaumaturges. The factory was also at thistime, interest in developing this cult whose profit is underlined repeatedly. Father Duhamel reported in 1840 that "these saints receive more offerings and votive offerings that the Blessed Virgin, even the day of the Assumption," and Jollivet confirms that interest a few years later. Note in passing that the saints of Notre-Dame-du-Haut obscure considerably St. Fiacre the parish church, yet it also "healer"!

AFurther study shows that the cult of "Eugenie" has a different origin than other saints. It is a substitution of the saint Tujan, long before the presence of statues in Notre-Dame-du-Haut. The High Middle Ages to the nineteenth century, the clergy has constantly endeavored to substitute Roman cults, more authentically Catholic, pagan cults (the first sense, that is to say, Aboriginal). Tujan is one of those saints authentic "Breton "inspired by personalities of the early Middle Ages. His cult reached Trédaniel a way that remains unclear but probably since the Middle Ages, where it is attached to the fountain located a hundred meters from the Notre Dame du Haut. This clearly distinguishes it from other religions present in Notre-Dame du Haut.

Thus we see that the expression "seven saints healers of Notre-Dame du Haut," still used today, is incorrect asthe number, powers and origins of statues. We must keep in mind that the knowledge we have of these cults is still very vague and probably incorrect. Only the (re) discovery of the records of the Council of factory Trédaniel, the systematic comparison of statues of saints in the whole regional directory and (re) discovery of the statue of St. Clair would probably get some clarification on the origin and evolutionthis original pantheon. Finally, our turn to present the various characters involved in cults present at Notre Dame du Haut and see how their religion is widespread in the region

  • St. Clair : http:// www.tourisme-moncontour.com/index.php?page=fiche&produit=ID_1801_saint-Clair
  • St. Houarniault(or Hervé) imagetourisme-moncontour.com index.php page = form & product = ID_1802_saint-Houarniault-or-Herve-

Author: Bertrand LHOTELLIER 10-01-2003