• Mansions castles. 0

Mansions castles.

Taking the title of an exhibition and a book presented there ten years by two civil cartophiles enthusiasts built heritage (N. Brouard and C. Kulig) to this article aims emphasis on the pervasiveness of nobles and bourgeois mansions in the country Moncontour. It is in the Penthièvre indeed found in France, more castles per square kilometer! Will tempt old stone and history buffs ...

"Until the late 18th century campaigns in the region are dominated a large and poor nobility. This is perhaps the most original territory of the Côtes-d'Armor character on a coastal strip 30 km wide from the Rance in Morlaix, live 50% of Breton nobles in 1710, with a maximum concentration between plouha and Lamballe. This incredible concentration, probably unique in France, accompanied by a no less remarkable poverty: At the same time almost 80% of the nobles of the Diocese of St Brieuc are miserable and one third of them is even reduced to begging. Noble cadets, ruined by the application of a particularly strict primogeniture law, mass populate the judicature, the navy, the army, the Church, forges ... and the troops of brigands. The land of the nobility is greater than anywhere else in Britain: half the land revenue will,in this region, the second order, which is undoubtedly enriched in 18C. (...) This increase in wealth of some noble is reflected in the landscape and the buildings: the modest gothic mansions of the 16th century, the corner turret was often the only impressive element succeed classic castles of the 18th century which. proportions reflect the prosperity of the owners. " ("Les Côtes-d'Armor, from Prehistory to Today", ed.Bordessoules 1987).

The emergence of many mansions on the Breton territory in the 15th and 16th century., Here is more amazing than elsewhere. It reflects a profound social and cultural renewal: organization of the manorial together architectural forms that are deployed, the decorative motifs illustrate, despite the memories of security constraints, a way of life more serene, more refined. A second phase of construction and facilities appears with theconcentration of wealth in the hands of a few noble families, including parliamentarians, the region will be Moncontour a residence appreciated. The 17th and 18th centuries, builds large mansions, sometimes at or near the old, provided high windows, attic roofs, classical motifs and even some of French gardens.

Main castles and manors still visible:

Quessoy:

  • Castlede la Houssaye (18th c.) Facades, roofs and floor lounges Registered MH 1982.
  • Castle Bogar (or Bogard) (17th?-18th c.).
  • Château de la Roche-Rousse (early 17th century). Abandoned.
  • Cross Castle (17-18th c.).
  • Manoir de la Fontaine St Père (early 17th c.).
  • Manor of the Board (18th c.).
  • Manoir de la Vigne (early 17th c.).
  • Manor of the City-Méreuc (16th c.), Abandonment.
  • Manor Cressouard (early 17th c.).
  • Manoir de la Roche-Durand todayfarm.
  • Manor of Clio.
  • Castle Ville Davy (19th c.), Now agricultural school.

Hénon

  • Catuélan Castle (18th c.): Fronts, roofs, door pediment and pilasters, terraces, courtyard and moat Enrolled MH 1964.
  • Château du Colombier (15th-16th c.): Castle, wing, chapel and Fuye Registered MH 1982.
  • Chateau des Granges (early 18th c.).
  • Néauvais Castle (18th c.).
  • Castle Ville-Chapron, with former mansion nearby.
  • CastleBellevue (late 18th c.), currently serving farm, near which was built in the 19th century. a small neo-Gothic castle.
  • Manoir de la Mare (15th c.).
  • Manor of Port-Martin (17th c.), Serving farm.
  • Manor of the Upper Town (early 17th c.).
  • Manor Mézues (17th c.).
  • Manor of the City Zion are now closed.
  • Manor of the key are dishes (18th c.), Abandonment.
  • Manor of Rouault button.

Plémy:

  • Castle Vauclair (. 15C) registered doorMH 1926.
  • Manor Aulneaux (17th c.).
  • Manoir de Launay-Costio (16th, 17th and 20th c.).
  • Manor of Vaupatry (16th and 18th c.).
  • Manor Quilmet (18th c.).
  • Manor of Ville-Standard (16C). Abandoned.
  • Manor of the Moor (18th c.) Abandoned.

Langast:

  • Castle Rock (17th c.), Partially ruined.
  • Pontgamp Castle (17th c.).
  • Dessessart Castle (18th c.).

Saint-Carreuc:

  • Château du Plessis-Budes (15th-19th c.).
  • Manor of the City Méreuc(1680).

Author: Bertrand L 'Hotellier 08-10-2002

VillePays de Moncontour